5% Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) + Ferulic Acid
This is a water-free, oil-free, alcohol-free formula with 5% Ascorbic Acid (an active form of Vitamin C) in a stable, potent state.
Ascorbic Acid degrades immediately when it's dissolved in an aqueous (water-based) formula and then losing its potency and efficacy. The potency is not all about the Vitamin C percentage, it’s also about bioavailability. It's very important to have a clear Vitamin C solution delivered to your skin. The color of your serum should remains clear all the time, not orange, not brown.
Our 5% Vitamin C does not feel grainy in texture, it's fully dissolved in a water-free solvent. Fragrance-free, colorant-free as always.
Benefits of Ascorbic Acid
Topical application of Ascorbic Acid has been shown to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. It has further been proven to reduce the severity of sunburns and age spots.
The Degradation of L-Ascorbic Acid in Water and Cream Formula
L-Ascorbic Acid does not mix well with water because water tends to degrade and change L-Ascorbic Acid from an anti-oxidant to a pro-oxidant regardless how the products are packaged.
In fact, L-Ascorbic Acid is very unstable in water based formula, as it starts to oxidize immediately, gradually producing color changes (orange/brown shift) and a reduction in activity as it converts to dehydroascorbic acid. The wrong Vitamin C formulation not only does not provide anti-oxidant properties, it also irritates and does more harm to the skin than repairing it.
Many brands in the market are using extracts and colorants to mask their Vitamin C discoloration. Some even claim the airless containers or special storage will keep the Vitamin C fresh, but a few months later, all you get is oxidized, useless Vitamin C with no efficacy.
About Ferulic Acid
Ferulic acid (FA) is found in the leaves and seeds of most plants, and in especially high concentration in the brans of grasses such as rice, wheat and oats.
When applied topically, Ferulic Acid acts like other antioxidants in that it helps to slow the ageing process by reducing the effects of damaging free radicals on the skin. It has strong antioxidant properties and has reported to increase the stability and the efficacy of Ascorbic Acid.
1 fl oz | 30 ml
Free of Preservatives,Oils, Water, Alcohol, Fragrances, Colorants.
After cleansing and apply alone as treatment serum or after toner. Follow with moisturizer. AVOID EYE AREA.
Propanediol, Ascorbic Acid, Ferulic Acid.